Case study otitis media with effusion

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A case study of the speech development in a male infant with chronic otitis media is reported. The phonetic behavior characterizing the child's vocalizations was sampled monthly between the ages of 11 and 21 months, as he progressed from pre-speech to early speech periods of language development. Results of monthly phonetic inventory analyses indicated age-appropriate types of consonants in his pre-word and later-word vocalizations. However, the child's repertoire of consonants was considerably reduced as he first began to produce meaningful speech.

Otitis media

Diagnosis and Treatment of Otitis Media - American Family Physician

On July 30, , amendments were made to this protocol. Otitis media with effusion OME is defined as a collection of fluid in the middle ear without signs or symptoms of ear infection. When this happens, pressure changes occur in the middle ear and fluid can accumulate. OME is one of the most commonly occurring childhood illnesses in the United States with more than 2. Those with cleft palate, Down syndrome, and other craniofacial anomalies are at high risk for anatomic causes of OME in addition to worsened function of the Eustachian tube. In addition, children with existing hearing loss will be affected more dramatically by the secondary conductive hearing loss that occurs with OME. There are several predisposing environmental factors that are associated with an increased risk of developing OME.

Acute Otitis Media Case Study

Otitis media is a group of inflammatory diseases of the middle ear. The cause of AOM is related to childhood anatomy and immune function. A number of measures decrease the risk of otitis media including pneumococcal and influenza vaccination , breastfeeding , and avoiding tobacco smoke. The primary symptom of acute otitis media is ear pain ; other possible symptoms include fever , reduced hearing during periods of illness, tenderness on touch of the skin above the ear, purulent discharge from the ears, irritability , and diarrhea in infants.
May present with otalgia, irritability, decreased hearing, anorexia, vomiting, or fever, usually in the presence of an ongoing viral respiratory infection. Physical examination will reveal a bulging, opacified tympanic membrane with decreased mobility. The membrane may be white, yellow, pink, or red. Diagnosis is generally made with conventional otoscopy. Additional tests might include pneumatic otoscopy or tympanometry to confirm the presence of an effusion.

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