Passive and active voice in academic writing

About essay
Active voice and passive voice are grammatical constructions that communicate certain information about an action. Writers need to be intentional about voice in order to ensure clarity. Using active voice often improves clarity, while passive voice can help avoid unnecessary repetition. Active voice can help ensure clarity by making it clear to the reader who is taking action in the sentence. In addition, the active voice stresses that the actor or grammatical subject precedes the verb, again, putting emphasis on the subject. Passive voice construction leaves out the actor subject and focuses on the relationship between the verb and object.
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Passive vs. Active Voice

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When is passive voice correct in academic writing?

Published on June 6, by Shona McCombes. Revised on April 24, The passive voice occurs when the person or thing that performs an action is not the grammatical subject of the sentence. Instead, the person or thing that receives the action is placed before the verb. Passive sentences are formed using the verb to be combined with a past participle. The dog bites the bone.
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When is Passive Voice Useful?

In each of these sentences, the subject I, You and Ben respectively performs the action of the verb threw, making, will watch. For many forms of writing, this can create an undesired effect: sentences often become confusing or simply dull. With sentences written in this way, we can even eliminate the agent who is performing this action:. These are all perfectly correct sentences, but the reader has the sense that something is missing.
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